The sewage service consists of complex and expensive activities, but it is essential to protect the environment and our health.
Wastes, cooking fats and oil severely harm the environment and the people, and their depositing on the walls of sewer pipes causes clogging and quick corrosion, thus blocking or destroying the sewage systems. The frequency of cleaning and maintenance of the pipes increases by up to five times in such situations in comparison to normal situations. This leads to a huge increase in the costs incurred by the community, which ultimately affect us all.
Most times, the reason for the clogging of the sewage system is not of technical nature. According to statistics, the top causes determining the clogging of the sewage system are the inobservance of the basic rules of its use and the lack of basic knowledge necessary for its maintenance. By observing the following simple rules you too can protect the sewage system:
- In the case of interior sewage, first of all keep in mind that your toilet is not a trash can! Do not use it to throw food remains or any other solid waste. Fresheners or children's toys accidentally dropped in it must be removed!
- Plaster or cement mortar left unused during home construction or renovation works should never be thrown in the toilet! Wait until it solidifies and dispose of it.
- The greatest enemy of interior sewage pipes are cloths, medicinal wool and intimate hygiene products. Their fine fibres get caught in the rough spots of the interior walls of pipes, thus facilitating the formation of plugs.
- In recent years, water saving has become a habit, especially hot water. Because of this, fat deposits are formed in the sewage pipes, their free section shrinks and they become clogged more easily.
In the case of external sewage systems, the basic principles are the same.
When unclogging the pipes, the most common deposits found are solidified fats, detergents, pieces of wood, rags, plastic bags and plastic bottles, bricks, stones, sand, sludge and food remains.
Junction and inspection manholes are designed to facilitate inspection and maintenance of the system. Do not throw stones, debris or other waste in the manholes!
- In the neighbourhoods many people do gardening works, using the green spaces around the blocks of flats for this purpose. Make sure that during such activities you do not cover the manhole covers with dirt, thus hampering the maintenance activities.
- A quite important issue is the stealing of manhole covers whose replacement contributes to the increase of operating costs. If you see a cracked or missing manhole cover, remove the danger of injury by fencing or signalling it (using for this purpose the hazard warning triangle in your car, an old case, planks, a tree branch). Then immediately announce Apa Nova Bucharest on the telephone number 021.207.7777.
- Remember that once the wastewater leaves your home (you close the tap, flush the toilet), it travels a long way to the treatment plant, where it is treated properly in order to be discharged in water courses.
We can protect the sewage system and the environment through simple, but responsible gestures:
- We can dispose of solid or sharp objects instead of throwing them into the sewage system.
- Paint. First of all, try to use the whole content of a paint box. If you can't, give it away or donate it. In the worst case, you can dispose of latex paint if you let it dry completely. However, it is recommended that you take oil-based paint to a toxic waste collecting centre.
- Medications. Do not flush them down the toilet or throw them in the sink, because the chemicals will get in the water. If you cannot find any pharmacy to collect expired medications, before you throw them, make sure that the pack does not contain any personal data, that the drugs will not be used by other persons and that you seal the recipients in which you dispose of them.
- Cosmetic and personal hygiene products must be thrown only to the trash, not in the street, under the staircase in the block of flats or in the sewer! Thus our city will be clean and tidy!
- Domestic waste should not be disposed of in the sink drain, but to the trash in trash bags.
- Cooking oil. The fat used for cooking can clog the plumbing if you throw it in the sink or the toilet. In the European Union this practice is prohibited by law. Used oil is one of the most hazardous pollutants. Please refer to companies specialised in recycling used oil (household oil and animal fats). The collected waste oil can be used to produce: glycerine, bio-diesel fuel, different emulsions etc. In the absence of alternatives, put the oil in a metal container, let it harden and then throw it to the garbage chute.
- Most car shops collect waste engine oil when you go to change it. The same happens in the case of the car battery, you can leave it at any merchant when you purchase a new one.
- Special storage and recycling facilities for home appliances and batteries have been arranged in most large stores and supermarkets. Eco fluorescent bulbs contain a small amount of mercury that can end up in the environment if they are broken. There are organisations specialised in waste management from light sources with collection points in each county in the country. If you cannot take them to recycling centres, seal the blown bulbs in plastic bags before disposing of them.
- Coarse materials (asphalt, concrete, sand, gravel, building materials) must be transported to specially designated areas through sanitation companies.
- The content of septic tanks should be picked up by specialised companies that have agreements concluded with Apa Nova Bucharest for the pick up and discharge in special places. Their content must not be disposed of in the sewer at random, as it is a true epidemiological bomb at city level.
- Do not block the access to drains and manholes with private motor vehicles or other objects.
- During heavy rain, a car parked next to the drains blocks the water flow and may cause flooding of the area.
- In winter, when you clean your parking space and the sidewalk in front of your building, be careful not to put the snow on the drain. If you see a blocked drain, you can call the institutions authorised to maintain cleanliness at city and district level to come and pick up the snow.
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